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Cardin Committee Assignments 1

Ben Cardin
United States Senator
from Maryland

Incumbent

Assumed office
January 3, 2007
Serving with Chris Van Hollen
Preceded byPaul Sarbanes
Ranking Member of the
Senate Foreign Relations Committee
In office
April 2, 2015 – February 6, 2018
Preceded byBob Menendez
Succeeded byBob Menendez
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 3rd district
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 2007
Preceded byBarbara Mikulski
Succeeded byJohn Sarbanes
Speaker of the Maryland House of Delegates
In office
January 6, 1979 – January 3, 1987
Preceded byJohn Hanson Briscoe
Succeeded byClayton Mitchell
Member of the
Maryland House of Delegates
from the 42nd district
In office
January 6, 1967 – January 3, 1987
Preceded byMaurice Cardin
Succeeded byDavid Shapiro
Personal details
BornBenjamin Louis Cardin
(1943-10-05) October 5, 1943 (age 74)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Myrna Edelman (m. 1964)
Children2
EducationUniversity of Pittsburgh(BA)
University of Maryland, Baltimore(JD)
WebsiteSenate website

Benjamin Louis Cardin (born October 5, 1943) is an American politician of the Democratic Party serving as the seniorUnited States Senator from Maryland, first elected to that seat in 2006. He previously was a member of the United States House of Representatives for Maryland's 3rd congressional district from 1987 to 2007 and of the Maryland House of Delegates from 1967 to 1987. He served as the state house's Speaker from 1979 to 1987, the youngest to hold that position in the history of Maryland. In his half-century career as an elected official, he has never lost an election.

Cardin was elected to succeed Paul Sarbanes in the 2006 U.S. Senate election, defeating RepublicanMichael Steele, the Lieutenant Governor of Maryland, by a margin of 54% to 44%. He was re-elected in 2012 taking 56% of the vote.[1] He became the senior Senator on January 3, 2017 upon Barbara Mikulski's retirement.

Cardin is considered one of the more liberal members of the Senate, generally siding with his party on all major issues.

Early life and career[edit]

Benjamin Louis Cardin was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of Dora (née Green) and Meyer M. Cardin (1907–2005).[2] The family name was originally "Kardonsky", before it was changed to "Cardin". Cardin's grandparents were RussianJewishimmigrants. His grandfather operated a neighborhood grocery store that later turned into a wholesalefood distribution company.[3] His father, Meyer Cardin, served in the Maryland House of Delegates (1935–1937) and later sat on the Supreme Bench of Baltimore City (1961–1977).[4]

Cardin and his family attend the Modern OrthodoxBeth Tfiloh Congregation near their home, with which the family has been affiliated for three generations. He graduated from Baltimore City College (1961) and obtained a Bachelor of Arts degreecum laude (1964) from the University of Pittsburgh, where he was a member of the Pi Lambda Phifraternity. He earned a Juris Doctor from the University of Maryland School of Law (1967), graduating first in his class. Cardin was admitted to the Maryland Bar that same year, and entered a private practice.

Political career[edit]

Maryland House of Delegates[edit]

Cardin was elected to the Maryland House of Delegates in 1966, while still attending law school.[3] He held the seat once held by his uncle, Maurice Cardin, who had decided to not run for re-election so that his nephew could instead pursue the seat. He was chairman of the Ways & Means Committee from 1974 to 1979, then Speakerof the House until he left office. At age 35, he was one of the youngest Speakers in Maryland history. As Speaker, he was involved with reform efforts involving Maryland's property tax system, school financing formula, and ethical standards for elected officials.[5]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

In 1986, with Congresswoman Barbara Mikulski mounting what would be a successful bid for the U.S. Senate seat vacated by retiring Senator Charles Mathias, Cardin ran for Mikulski’s seat representing the 3rd Congressional District, which covered a large slice of inner Baltimore, as well as several close-in suburbs. Cardin won the Democratic nomination with 82 percent of the vote—the real contest in this heavily Democratic district. He won the general election with 79 percent of the vote against a perennial candidate, Republican Ross Z. Pierpont.

Cardin was reelected nine times, rarely facing serious opposition and even running unopposed in 1992. In the 2000 round of redistricting, his district was redrawn to add significant portions of Anne Arundel County, including the state capital of Annapolis. His last two opponents hailed from Anne Arundel and nearly carried the district's portion of that county.

In the House, Cardin was involved with fiscal issues, pension reform, and health care. His legislation to increase the amount individuals can store in their 401k plans and IRAs was passed in 2001. His bill to expand Medicare to include preventive benefits such as colorectal, prostate, mammogram, and osteoporosis screening was also enacted. He also authored legislation to provide a Medicare prescription drug benefit for chronic illnesses; fund graduate medical education; and guarantee coverage for emergency services.[5]

Cardin has also advocated, via proposed legislation, welfare reform. His bill to increase education and support services for foster children between ages 18 and 21 was signed into law in 1999.[5] He authored bills to expand child support, improve the welfare-to-work program, and increase the child care tax credit.[5]

In 1998, Cardin was appointed Chairman of the Special Study Commission on Maryland Public Ethics Law by the Maryland General Assembly. In 1997, he co-chaired the Bipartisan Ethics Task Force in an effort to reform ethics procedures in the House of Representatives. He also held leadership positions on the Organization, Study and Review Committee and the Steering Committee of the House Democratic Caucus, and served as Senior Democratic Whip.

Cardin has been commended for his work with fiscal policy. He has been honored by Worth magazine and by Treasury and Risk Management for his work protecting retirement plans and government-supported medical care for the elderly. He has also received scores of 100% percent from the League of Conservation Voters and the NAACP, indicating stances that are in favor of environmental protection and civil rights. Cardin was also one of 133 members of Congress to vote against the 2002 Iraq Resolution.[6]

Committee assignments[edit]

As of May 2006, Cardin served on the following House committees:

U.S. Senate[edit]

2006 election[edit]

Main article: United States Senate election in Maryland, 2006

On April 26, 2005, Cardin announced that he would seek the U.S. Senate seat of long-standing senator Paul Sarbanes (D-MD), following the announcement by Sarbanes that he would not be running for re-election in 2006. On September 12, 2006, Cardin faced a challenging primary battle with other Maryland Democrats, including Kweisi Mfume, Josh Rales, Dennis F. Rasmussen, and Allan Lichtman. Cardin won, however, with 44 percent of the vote, compared to 40 percent for Mfume, five percent for Rales, and two percent for Rasmussen.[7] He was declared the winner after just two percent of the precincts had reported.

Cardin won election on November 7, 2006, defeating Republican challenger Michael Steele 54 percent to 44 percent.[8] Cardin became the third consecutive Representative from Maryland's 3rd Congressional District to be elected Senator (following Sarbanes and Mikulski).

2012 election[edit]

Main article: United States Senate election in Maryland, 2012

Cardin ran for re-election to a second term in 2012. He turned back a primary challenge from State Senator C. Anthony Muse, defeating him 74% to 16%, with seven other candidates taking the remaining 10%.

In the general election, he faced Republican Dan Bongino, a former United States Secret Service agent, Independent Rob Sobhani, an economist and businessman, and Libertarian Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, President of the Minaret of Freedom Institute. Cardin easily won the election, taking 56% of the vote to Bongino's 26.3%, Sobhani's 16.4% and Ahmad's 1%.[1]

2018 election[edit]

Main article: United States Senate election in Maryland, 2018

Cardin is running for re-election to a third term in 2018.

Committee assignments[edit]

Cardin currently serves on the following Senate Committees in the 115th United States Congress:

  • Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe
  • Committee on Environment and Public Works
  • Committee on Finance
  • Committee on Foreign Relations (Ranking Member)
    • Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health Policy (Ex Officio)
    • Subcommittee on East Asia, The Pacific and International Cybersecurity Policy (Ex Officio)
    • Subcommittee on Europe and Regional Security Cooperation (Ex Officio)
    • Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions, and International Economic, Energy and Environmental Policy (Ex Officio)
    • Subcommittee on Near East, South Asia, Central Asia and Counterterrorism (Ex Officio)
    • Subcommittee on State Department and USAID Management, International Operations and Bilateral International Development (Ex Officio)
    • Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights and Global Women's Issues (Ex Officio)
  • Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship

Caucus membership[edit]

Accolades[edit]

2015[edit]

  • Cardin was credited in April 2015 with facilitating, as the new Ranking Member, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee 19-0 vote on the markup for the bill on the USA's involvement in the negotiations with Iran on nuclear technology. He had become ranking member only two weeks before, upon the departure of Senator Robert Menendez.[10]

International experience[edit]

Cardin has been a Commissioner on the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (the U.S. Helsinki Commission) since 1993, serving as Ranking Member from 2003 to 2006.[11] He subsequently served two terms as co-chair of the Commission, from 2007 to 2008, and 2011 to 2012; and also two terms as chair, from 2009 to 2010, and 2013 to 2014.[12] From 2015 to 2016 he was again ranking member.[13] In 2006 he was elected vice president of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Parliamentary Assembly, and served through 2014.[12]

Honors[edit]

Cardin holds honorary degrees from several institutions, including the University of Baltimore School of Law (1990); University of Maryland, Baltimore (1993); Baltimore Hebrew University (1994); Goucher College (1996); and Villa Julie College (2007).

As of 2016 Cardin sits on the Board of Visitors of the University of Maryland School of Law, his law school alma mater.[14]

From 1988 to 1995, he chaired the Maryland Legal Services Corp. Through much of his political career, he has continued to work with law policy.

From 1988 to 1999, Cardin served on the St. Mary's College of Maryland Board of Trustees, and in 2002, he was appointed to the St. Mary's Advisory Board for the Study of Democracy. In 1999, he was appointed to the Goucher College Board of Trustees.

Political positions[edit]

On a list by Congressional Quarterly of the members of Congress who were most supportive of President Barack Obama's legislative agenda in 2009, Cardin was tied for fifth most supportive Senator with five other Senators.[15] In 2013, National Journal rated him as tied with six other Democratic senators for fifth most liberal Senator.[16]

Death Penalty[edit]

Senator Cardin is a supporter of the death penalty.[17]

Education[edit]

In 2007, Cardin supported the United States Public Service Academy Act. The Act would serve to create "an undergraduate institution devoted to developing civilian leaders." Like the Military Academies, this would give students 4 years of tuition-free education in exchange for 5 years of public service upon graduation.[18]

Environmentalism[edit]

Liberal environmentalists criticized Cardin for compromising too much while working with conservative James Inhofe on an amendment to Cardin's Chesapeake Bay legislation.[19] Josh Saks, senior legislative representative for water resources campaigns with the National Wildlife Federation, praised Cardin as "the lead voice for clean water and the restoration of America's great waters in Congress."[20]

Gun control[edit]

Cardin has a "F" rating from the National Rifle Association.[21]

In response to the Orlando nightclub shooting, Cardin questioned the legality of military style assault weapons stating that "in my observations in Maryland, I don't know too many people who need to have that type of weapon in order to do hunting in my state or to keep themselves safe."[22]

Cardin opposed the 2016 sale of approximately 26,000 assault rifles to the national police of the Philippines. His opposition led to the U.S. State Department halting the sale.[23]

In the wake of the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, Cardin stated that thoughts and prayers were not going to save more people from dying in mass shootings. He also made a call for action to change gun laws, stating on Twitter that "Automatic weapons aren't needed to hunt deer or ducks; they're meant to kill people."[25] In response to the shooting, Cardin sponsored Dianne Feinstein's proposal to ban bump-fire stocks, which were used in by the shooter to kill 59 individuals and injure over 500.[26]

Health[edit]

In the 111th Congress, Cardin helped secure dental benefits in the State Children's Health Insurance Plan.[27]

International policy[edit]

On 31 October 2011 Cardin endorsed the proposal for the United Nations Parliamentary Assembly (UNPA). He is one of only six persons who served as members of the United States Congress ever to do so and is the only one who did so while in office.[28]

Cardin has often supported positions that aim to strengthen America's relationship with Israel.[29] He supported civilian nuclear cooperation with India.[30] In 2017, Cardin sponsored a bill (called the Israel Anti-Boycott Act (S. 720)), that would penalize commercial businesses that wanted to aid International NGOs and/or organizations in boycotting Israel.[31]

Weeks after the 2014 Hong Kong class boycott campaign and Umbrella Movement broke out which demands genuine universal suffrage among other goals, Cardin among bipartisan colleagues joined U.S. Senator Sherrod Brown and Rep. Chris Smith's effort to introduce Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act which would update the United States–Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992 and U.S. commitment to Hong Kong's freedom and democracy. "Civil society and democratic freedoms are under attack around the world and Hong Kong is on the front lines. The United States has a responsibility to protect human rights and defend against these threats," Cardin, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations East Asian and Pacific Affairs Subcommittee said.[32][33][34][35][36][37]

Online privacy[edit]

Cardin supports Net Neutrality, as shown by his vote during the 109th Congress in favor of the Markey Amendment to H.R. 5252 which would add Net Neutrality provisions to the federal telecommunications code.[38] Cardin also supports Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act, which gives DOJ the tools to target those site owners who are engaged in illegal digital piracy.[39]

Taxes[edit]

Cardin is opposed to eliminating the tax deduction for charitable donations and supports raising taxes on higher income earners.[40] During a December 20, 2012, interview with Maria Bartiromo on CNBC, Cardin stated, "We're now a few days away from Christmas. The easiest way to get the revenues is to get the rates from the higher income, uh, taxpayers."[40] In response to the question, "Are you prepared to vote to limit the loophole of charitable deductions?" Cardin responded, "No."[40]

Whistleblowers[edit]

In November 2011, Cardin's intended update of the 1917 Espionage Act upset some public disclosure advocates. They complained that it "would make it harder for federal employees to expose government fraud and abuse."[41]

Personal life[edit]

Cardin married high school sweetheart Myrna Edelman, a teacher,[42] on November 24, 1964. They have a daughter, Deborah. Their son Michael committed suicide on March 24, 1998[43] at age 30.[44]

In 2002, Ben’s 32-year-old nephew, Jon S. Cardin, who graduated from University of Maryland law school in 2001, was elected as a Delegate representing District 11 of western Baltimore County. With state legislative District 11 overlapping Congressional District 3, there were two Cardins on the ticket in this area in 2002. Present at Jon’s swearing in was the oldest living former member of the House of Delegates at 95 years of age, Meyer Cardin, Jon’s grandfather and Ben’s father. Also in attendance was Ben himself, who stated, "The next generation's taking over."[45] After Ben announced that he would vacate his Congressional seat to run for the U.S. Senate, Jon Cardin stated that he was exploring a campaign for his uncle's Congressional seat, though he ultimately decided to seek reelection to the House of Delegates.

Volunteer service[edit]

For many years Cardin served on the Board of Trustees for St. Mary's College of Maryland. He was very active on the board and also played key roles in the establishment of the Center for the Study of Democracy at the college, where he also served on the advisory board.

Election history[edit]

Maryland's 3rd congressional district Democratic primary election, 1986
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
DemocraticBen Cardin69,98082%
DemocraticEdward Ellison, Jr.4,4225%
DemocraticJohn Ascher4,0855%
DemocraticEarl Koger, Sr.3,7144%
DemocraticRobert Lewis2,9683%
Maryland's 3rd congressional district Democratic primary election, 1988
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
DemocraticBen Cardin (incumbent)52,85086%
DemocraticCharles Walker8,45114%
Maryland's 3rd congressional district Democratic primary election, 1990
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
DemocraticBen Cardin (incumbent)43,49683%
DemocraticMartin Glaser8,78817%
Maryland's 3rd congressional district Democratic primary election, 1992
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
DemocraticBen Cardin (incumbent)63,79384%
DemocraticCarl Mueller11,70716%
Maryland's 3rd congressional district Democratic primary election, 1994
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
DemocraticBen Cardin (incumbent)64,74287%
DemocraticDan Hiegel9,98713%
Maryland's 3rd congressional district Democratic primary election, 1996
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
DemocraticBen Cardin (incumbent)34,49690%
DemocraticDan Hiegel3,72010%
Maryland's 3rd congressional district Democratic primary election, 1998
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
DemocraticBen Cardin (incumbent)50,24090%
DemocraticDan Hiegel5,85610%
Maryland's 3rd congressional district Democratic primary election, 2002
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
DemocraticBen Cardin (incumbent)62,93890%
DemocraticJohn Rea6,98610%
Maryland's 3rd congressional district Democratic primary election, 2004
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
DemocraticBen Cardin (incumbent)54,39890%
DemocraticJohn Rea6,16310%
U.S. Senate Democratic primary election in Maryland, 2006
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
DemocraticBen Cardin257,54544%
DemocraticKweisi Mfume238,95741%
DemocraticJosh Rales30,7375%
DemocraticDennis Rasmussen10,9972%
DemocraticMike Schaefer7,7731%
DemocraticAllan Lichtman6,9191%
DemocraticTheresa Scaldaferri5,0811%
DemocraticJames Hutchinson4,9491%
DemocraticDavid Dickerson3,9501%
DemocraticRobert Kaufman3,9081%
DemocraticAnthony Jaworski3,4861%
DemocraticThomas McCaskill3,4591%
DemocraticGeorge English2,305<1%
DemocraticBob Robinson2,208<1%
DemocraticLih Young2,039<1%
DemocraticBlaine Turner1,848<1%
DemocraticJoseph Werner1,832<1%
DemocraticCharles Ulysses Smith1,702<1%
U.S. Senate Democratic primary election in Maryland, 2012
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
DemocraticBen Cardin (incumbent)240,70474%
DemocraticC. Anthony Muse50,80716%
DemocraticChris Garner9,2743%
DemocraticRaymond Levi Blagmon5,9092%
DemocraticJ. P. Cusick4,7782%
DemocraticBlaine Taylor4,3761%
DemocraticLih Young3,9931%
DemocraticRalph Jaffe3,3131%
DemocraticEd Tinus1,064<1%
YearOfficeElectionSubjectPartyVotes%OpponentPartyVotes%OpponentPartyVotes%
1986Congress, MD-3GeneralBenjamin CardinDemocratic100,16179.11%Ross PierpontRepublican26,45220.89%
1988Congress, MD-3GeneralBenjamin CardinDemocratic133,77972.9%Ross PierpontRepublican49,73327.1%
1990Congress, MD-3GeneralBenjamin CardinDemocratic82,54569.73%Harwood NicholsRepublican35,84130.27%
1992Congress, MD-3GeneralBenjamin CardinDemocratic163,35499.98%Unopposed
1994Congress, MD-3GeneralBenjamin CardinDemocratic117,26970.97%Robert TouseyRepublican47,96629.03%
1996Congress, MD-3GeneralBenjamin CardinDemocratic130,20467.31%Patrick McDonoughRepublican63,22932.69%
1998Congress, MD-3GeneralBenjamin CardinDemocratic137,50177.61%Colin HarbyRepublican39,66722.39%
2000Congress, MD-3GeneralBenjamin CardinDemocratic169,34775.66%Colin HarbyRepublican53,82724.05%Joseph PomykalaLibertarian238
2002Congress, MD-3GeneralBenjamin CardinDemocratic145,58965.72%Scott ConwellRepublican75,72134.18%
2004Congress, MD-3GeneralBenjamin CardinDemocratic182,06663.39%Bob DuckworthRepublican97,00833.77%Patsy AllenGreen4,2242.75%
2006MD Senator, Class 1GeneralBenjamin CardinDemocratic965,56754.20%Michael S. SteeleRepublican787,35244.20%Kevin ZeeseGreen27,5701.55%
2012MD Senator, Class 1GeneralBenjamin CardinDemocratic1,474,02856.0%Dan BonginoRepublican693,29126.3%S. Rob SobhaniIndependent430,93416.4%

[edit]

On the floor of the House on June 12, 2006, Representative Cardin calling for the withdrawal of all troops from Iraq by 2007
Cardin testifying before the U.S. House Ways and Means subcommittee on Human Resources
  1. ^ ab2012 General Election Results, Maryland State Board of Elections, November 28, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  2. ^"1". freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com. Retrieved 5 May 2017. 
  3. ^ ab"About Ben Cardin". Ben Cardin for Senate. Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. 
  4. ^"Baltimore City Supreme Bench". Maryland Archives. 
  5. ^ abcd"Senator Benjamin L. Cardin : Maryland". Cardin.senate.gov. Archived from the original on 28 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  6. ^"Senator Benjamin L. Cardin : Maryland". Cardin.senate.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  7. ^"2006 Gubernatorial Election". Elections.state.md.us. Archived from the original on 2006-10-04. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  8. ^[1]Archived February 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^"Portman and Durbin Launch Senate Ukraine Caucus". Rob Portman United States Senator for Ohio. February 9, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  10. ^Thrust Into Iran Bill Talks, Cardin Delivers - Senator Took Top Dem Post At Start of Tense Negotiations, John T Bennett, Defense News, 16 April 2015
  11. ^"Ben Cardin, US Senator for Maryland". cardin.senate.gov. Archived from the original on March 28, 2007. 
  12. ^ ab"Benjamin L. 'Ben' Cardin" (2016). Congressional Directory, 2015-2016: 114th Congress. Washington, DC: United States Government Publishing Office. ISBN 9781598888447.
  13. ^"About CSCE: Commissioners". Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. Retrieved 2016-12-29.
  14. ^"Board of Visitors". University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law. 2016. Retrieved 2016-12-29. 
  15. ^"Cardin, Sarbanes get high marks for Obama support; Mikulski's attendance slips". Baltimore Sun. 
  16. ^"2013 Vote Ratings: The 15 Most Liberal Senators". National Journal. Archived from the original on February 9, 2014. Ballotpedia offers an explanation of the ratings, with a full list of the 2013 ratings of the Senate and House: [2].
  17. ^Linn, Leticia (November 3, 2006). "Md. Senate Contenders Differ Over Death Penalty". Southern Maryland Online. 
  18. ^"USPSA"(PDF). Public Service Academy. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2008-12-30. 
  19. ^Quinlan, Paul (1 July 2011). "Sen. Cardin Hopes to Bridge Divide Over Water". New York Times. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  20. ^Quinlan, Paul (1 July 2011). "Sen. Cardin Hopes to Bridge Divide Over Water". New York Times. Retrieved 6 November 2014. 
  21. ^"The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved 4 October 2017. 
  22. ^Fritze, John. "Cardin, Mikulski weigh in on Senate guns filibuster". baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 4 October 2017. 
  23. ^

Biography

Cardin was born into a political family. His father, Meyer Cardin, was a lawyer and judge who served a term in Maryland’s House of Delegates and was active in Baltimore politics. An uncle and later a nephew were also members of the state legislature. After graduating from Baltimore City College in 1961, Ben attended the University of Pittsburgh (B.A., 1964) and then studied law at the University of Maryland (Juris Doctor degree, 1967), graduating first in his class. During that time he married (1964) Myrna Edelman, and the couple later had two children.

Cardin entered electoral politics while still in law school, serving in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1967 to 1986. In 1986, when U.S. Rep. Barbara Mikulski announced that she would run for the Senate, Cardin entered the race for her seat in the House of Representatives and won by a decisive margin. He served for 10 terms (1987–2007), during which time he became known for his work in social services, including health care and other entitlement programs. He notably was involved with legislation having to do with child welfare, and he supported bills to expand child support, extend medical benefits to children, and increase tax credits for child care. In 2005, following the announcement that U.S. Sen. Paul Sarbanes was retiring from office, Cardin entered the race to fill the post. The following year he won a sharply contested Democratic primary and then decisively defeated Republican challenger Michael S. Steele, then the state’s lieutenant governor. Cardin assumed office in 2007.

While in Congress, Cardin established a reputation as a liberal. Strongly interested in the environment, he introduced legislation to protect the Chesapeake Bay and sought to strengthen regulations for clean water. He was also active in foreign policy, and in 2007 he became a member of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. Cardin notably opposed the Iraq War (2003–11). Fiscally, he supported a progressive consumption tax.