Poverty in Developing Countries
- Length: 590 words (1.7 double-spaced pages)
- Rating: Excellent
As developed countries quench their thirsts for petrol, developing countries around the world are left behind, force to watch on without any help from the outside community. Being poor means to be disadvantaged in every single way. It means not being able to support yourself or your family or have the basic necessity to life. Without substantial help for these helpless people then we should be feeling guilty that we are living lives far better than what others are experiencing. Poverty may because by wars, disease or lack of education and infrastructure and the resulting consequences may be hunger, starvation, crime and ultimately death. If poverty is not eradicated then injustice will continue, increasing death tolls and lives.
Not everyone is born into a life of the rich and glamorous. Those who are fortunate enough know that they are very lucky to be in their position. Others however are totally in different situations. They need to fend for themselves and having meal is something which comes only once a day. Malnutrition is the obvious result of not consuming the right amount of food. This therefore will lead to outbreaks of diseases but in poverty stricken countries there are no hospitals to cure this. Lacking infrastructure means lacking educational rights. People who are living in poverty can not afford to send their children to school so this will mean an unclear future for their children. Furthermore, living in crowded areas, this has a tendency to increase the chances of disease as people are drinking from unsafe sources of water. People around the world are not aware of how immense this issue is and sometimes hesitant to believe the scale that it has risen to. Without understanding for people living disadvantage from the rest then there is no cure for the problem.
One of the most basic teachings in the Catholic Church is to ?Love one another as I have loved you.? This can be implied towards people living in poverty as we can follow the steps that Jesus had undertaken to love other people even if they are your enemies. By showing love and compassion we can create a world that is aware of poverty issues and help the declination of poverty. Countless organisations are heavily involved in carrying missions to help ultimately eradicate poverty. These charities and organisations include CARITAS, World Vision, Oxfam, St Vincent de Paul and many other non profitable organisations which help carry out work to help those who are in need.
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These organisations tend to donate money which they receive into medicine to treat those who are sick and provide accommodation and food for people who are in desperate situations. Not only are they committed to help provide the necessity that people need they also help rebuild people?s lives by giving them an education to help improve their future. By doing this, this will ensure that in the future they will be better off and not fall into the situations that they are in.
We ourselves can also help in bringing about change for the better of people?s lives. Donating money is a simplest way to show your compassion. This will ensure that organisations will be able to help those less fortunate and help them on a road to recovery. Going beyond this we can voice our opinion and get others to become aware of this issue which is dominating lives around the world. By doing this everyone will then realise that there is injustice going on in world and take suitable actions to prevent it.
There are numerous essays on poverty concentrated on covering the material about economic development in different countries. Here you can find the same information but simpler for your understanding.
Before starting the topic let’s begin our essay on poverty by defining the word “poverty”. If you look through different essays about poverty you can find almost identical definitions. It is the state of being economically poor followed the lack of shelter, health care and common literacy. According to Wikipedia poverty is the general scarcity, dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money.
Speaking about poorness we must distinguish between the concepts of relative and absolute poverty. Relative poverty is the life conditions of population occupying a lower level of income and wealth than average. Absolute poverty is the life conditions that are typical of people who do not have the goods and possessions such as food, clothing, housing which are necessary for human existence.
So, what are the causes of poverty? One of them is illiteracy. Low educational level can be observed in such countries as Mali, Niger, Ethiopia. The main problem of it is the absence of elementary and even secondary schools there. Certain amount of poor people appears as a result of lack of education.
The next and one of the main causes of poverty can be weak economy that occurs because of crisis and insufficient amount of resources. Countries of Latin America, Asia and Africa have such problems.
The lack of technological progress is also the reason for poverty. Mexico, countries of Africa and Latin America face the problem of deficient innovations in technology.
Another significant cause of poverty is the growth of the population in the world. Taking India as the example, we can see that its population is critically growing. This country cannot produce enough food to feed even half of its citizens.
We can also mention here civil wars also causing poverty. Victims of these wars are citizens who suffer from plunder and violence. The most unprotected civilians are children, women and old people. The result of civil wars is appearing of poor people and hunger.
Poverty is characteristic for nearly whole world. And we can name it as the main problem of the Third world countries which include Africa, Asia, Latin America. They are united by the same problems and considered to be economically the weakest. There are several facts that can help us to define the level of development of the Third world countries. High growth of population aids to a low level of income. Although increasing number of citizens is not a negative factor of economic development but new jobs are not offered and this leads to unemployment. Third world countries depend on agricultural industry and have low level of technological progress. That is why people use natural resources irrationally so it can run out completely. Most of developing countries are characterized by the low life level comparing as to developed countries so to a rich population of their own one. There is such term as international level of poverty which refers to any person living on less than two dollar per day. Level of extreme poverty concerns anyone surviving with less than one dollar per day. Overwhelming majority of the population of the Third world countries lives by these standards. Citizens look for higher quality of life and better opportunities. That is why emigration to developed countries is widespread there. Immigrants of the poorest countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America arrived to wealthier countries are satisfied with minimum income which is higher dozens and even hundreds of times than the minimum of his native country.
Poverty in developed countries should be mentioned here too. Let’s take America as the example. Although it is a developed country with high technological innovations, over 47 million Americans have status of the poor. The number of homeless children increase every year. More than half of students are unable to buy lunch at the canteen. One-third of families live with incomes below 60 percent of the average income in the country. Despite these facts about Americans who suffer poverty have governmental support. Citizens with the lowest level of income receive different types of social care. They get free food and clothes. More than 90 percent of officially poor people have their own housing. Almost all of them have a car; surely not the new one but good enough to use it. American government gives a chance to escape the poverty. It helps every person who needs education and employment.
Although such differences between poverty in developing and developed countries exists it has to be eluded. The question of solving the problem of poverty bothers every single country in the world. There is no opportunity to get rid of poorness at once. But we can mention some ways and solutions to minimize the number of poor people. The first step of making the progress in countries’ economy is to improve international relationships with developed countries. Next way deals with the education system. Countries, which confront the problem of insufficient number of schools, should produce conditions that can help children to get education. Evolving innovational technologies can help to avoid poverty and hunger. At the same time governmental support and assistance is really important in poverty reduction. That is why poor people should be provided by socio-economical arrangements, directed towards increase of their involvement in labor activity of the country. But still the main problem that must be solved is increasing number of population that compelled to live on less than one dollar per day.
Concluding it all poverty, hunger and illiteracy are the main international problems that must be solved. I should also mention that improving economical development, innovational technologies and population income are the most meaningful goals of nowadays. Although poverty as a global problem cannot be completely eliminated it is possible to decrease its level. Developing countries just need social programs and the international support and help of great developed brothers.
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