The illegal trade and exploitation of human beings for forced labor, prostitution and reproductive favors is termed human trafficking. Human trafficking is a transnational phenomenon and is second only to the international drug trade in relation to organized crime. By some estimates, it is a multi-billion dollar business affecting several million people in virtually every country across the globe. It is equated with a modern day version of slavery.
According to the Trafficking Protocol adopted by the United Nations and cosigned by all UN members in the year 2000, human trafficking can be defined as the ‘recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt’ of person through force or coercion against their will for the purpose of prostitution, forced labor, and slavery. However, because human trafficking is a process and cannot be pinned down to a single act, it has been difficult to arrive at a universally accepted definition for it. The above is the only definition agreed to by all current UN members.
The exploitation and trade of human beings is the modern day equivalent of erstwhile practices of slavery, and as such, is an equally lucrative industry, generating global annual profits in excess of $30 billion. Human beings are generally traded for bonded, forced labor, or sexual exploitation. It is estimated that over 4 million people fall prey to trafficking every year. Women and children are the most vulnerable victims of trafficking, though increasingly, men are also being trafficked to work as unskilled labor in factories.
Human trafficking is a transnational phenomenon, even if a majority of the actors are third-world nations. The movement of people, illegally and against their will isn’t spatially confined to any particular geographic region, but affects virtually every country across the globe. And with increasing globalization, the extent of human trafficking has only increased manifold over the past decade, fuelled by a greater need for forced labor to meet a growing demand for cheaper goods in the developed world.
Thus, a combined, concentrated effort is needed to weed out this modern-day version of slavery. To consign this as a largely third-world phenomenon would be to understate and undermine the gravity and extent of this transnational crime.
Human Trafficking Thesis Statement Examples:
* As a transnational crime, human trafficking requires intense international co-operation to be curbed and controlled. To localize the problem to one particular region or nation would be to undermine any efforts to control it.
* Human trafficking is the modern day equivalent of slavery and must be recognized as such by the international community if this transnational crime is to be weeded out.
* Human trafficking is inherently tied to poverty and income disparity. Statistics and studies from the third-world prove that this is largely localized to the developing world.
* Human trafficking implies the sale and purchase of human beings as property. Consequently, it requires both a buyer and a seller. Any effort to curb and control human trafficking, thus, must focus on both these involved parties – a willing seller, and a motivated buyer.
* Human trafficking as a phenomenon is widespread even in the developed world. In the United States, for instance, more than 15,000 people are forced into the modern day equivalent of slavery every year. Even if this transnational crime has its roots in the developing world, its branches reach out to the first world as well.
* Legal measures taken to prevent human trafficking in the United Kingdom have failed drastically.
* Because of rampant poverty in Thailand the problem of human trafficking is growing rapidly.
* The magnitude of the problem of human trafficking between India and Nepal: Timely development plans are required for Nepalese women.
* Organized crime and sub-standard life in developed societies: The human trafficking syndicates in the United States.
* Natural disasters are responsible for the growth of trafficking in children: An analysis of the Haitian situation after a devastating earthquake in the year 2010.
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A great paper needs a great topic. The topic you choose will show your teacher how well you have understood the assignment. Unfortunately, leaving your assignment till the last moment can be disastrous to your grade. This is especially true if you have to come up with a critical essay on a tricky subject such as human trafficking.
If you are having a tough time coming up with appropriate critical essay topics about human trafficking, you have come to the right place. The following lines offer a list of 20 topics related to this subject. There is a handy list of references and source materials at the end which you can use as research material.
- The Cross-Border Challenges of Dealing with Human Trafficking
- Issues Faced by Law Enforcement During Human Trafficking Investigation
- Rehabilitating Victims of Human Trafficking: Ethical and Practical Considerations
- Human Traffickers and Their Methods of Operating
- Invisible to The Naked Eye: Hidden Forms of Human Trafficking
- Understanding the Major Indicators of Human Trafficking
- Human Trafficking as the Modern-Day Slavery
- Anti-Human Trafficking Campaigns in Cultural Media
- The Anonymity of the Internet: A Boon for Human Traffickers
- The Differences between Human Smuggling and Human Trafficking
- The Aftermath of War: Women Enslavement and Trafficking
- Human Trafficking: Influence of Cultural Factors
- The Exploitation of Humanity: How Human Trafficking Became a $150 Billion Global Industry
- A Perspective on Clients: Who Buys From Human Traffickers?
- Armed Conflict Zones are Breeding Grounds for The Illicit Trade of Human Trafficking
- Philanthropy Engineering: How Advanced Tech Can Help Victims of Human Trafficking
- How Anti-Money Laundering Efforts Combat Human Trafficking
- Comparing International Trafficking and Domestic Trafficking
- The Ideal Victim: Predictors of Human Trafficking
- Using Children for in Armed Conflicts
Since word count requirements vary across the board, we have tried to keep the topics a little generalized. Feel free to narrow them down according to your interests. Remember to limit the scope of your paper to a particular time period, geographical location, a pivotal case, the efforts of a specific humanitarian/aid agency, a specific piece of legislation, the efforts of a specific political figure, or even a documentary.
If you cannot find a suitable topic from these, check out our list of 10 facts on human trafficking for a critical essay.
Since we are here to help, here is a sample paper which you can use as an outline for your critical essay. A more detailed guide on how to write a critical essay on human trafficking is also available and you can learn to effectively write this type of assignment with our 10 facts on the subject.
Sample Critical Essay on Trafficking for Organ Trade and Body Parts: The Emergence of a Disturbing Dimension in Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is the worst form of abuse that can be inflicted on an individual. The horror of the crime lies in the fact that is negates very humanity of the victims. This modern-day equivalent of slavery continues unabated; the complex nature of the crime makes detecting and controlling it difficult. The most common cases are ones in which human traffickers sexually exploit their victims or force them into hard labor. The less commonly known forms of human trafficking involves an extreme form of cruelty: where the victims are trafficked for organ trade.
According to the UN Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (GIFT), organ trafficking has three basic categories: (1) the victims are somehow deceived or coerced by force to give up the organ; (2) commercial transaction where the victim is not paid or paid less than the promised amount; (3) when the organs are removed without the victim’s knowledge.
A report by the European Parliament (EP) states that organ trafficking and trafficking of human beings for organ removal (TBHOR) has become widespread over the span of the past 16 years. Until recently, most of these cases have occurred in Eastern European countries and Russia. However, the implementation of tougher law enforcement rules has decreased the incidence rates in these countries.
Unfortunately, traffickers have simply switched tactics and moved onto other regions, such as Latin America and North Africa. These regions suffer from economic and political instability. Under such conditions, human traffickers find the ideal victim pool, i.e. people who are already a part of at-risk sections of society, such as migrant workers, those living below the poverty line, members of highly marginalized groups, homeless people, and illiterate people.
The entire process involves a host of people as well as high levels of coordination and organization: the medical professionals who are responsible for the procedure, the middlemen, the buyers, the organ banks where the organs are stored, and transporters who are responsible for the logistics.
The recommendations of legislating bodies and humanitarian agencies state that this issue can only be addressed through proper legislation covering all the aspects of the crime and proper implementation of these laws. National laws of each country should have an anti-trafficking policy. An increase in public awareness of organ donation will drive up donation rates, hopefully closing some of the gap between the number of organs needed for transplantation and available organs. EP also recommends that the donor recipient should be held criminally and morally liable. The technical recommendations include improvement of organ traceability systems.
Human trafficking is a reality that the public in general needs to realize and react to. More awareness, education, and stronger legal frameworks will allow vulnerable victims to escape the horrors of this experience.
This is just a sample that can inspire you to come up with a great critical essay that will win over your instructor. So, make sure that you start working on your paper right away.
Vienna Forum to Fight Human Trafficking, Technology and Human Trafficking 8 (Background Paper, 2008), https://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/2008/BP017TechnologyandHumanTrafficking.pdf
Trafficking in Persons for the Purpose of Organ Removal (ASSESSMENT TOOLKIT,2015),
European Union, European Parliament. (2015). Trafficking in human organs. Retrieved from http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2015/549055/EXPO_STU(2015)549055_EN.pdf
Lehti, M. (2003), Trafficking in women and children in Europe, in HEUNI papers, no. 18, Helsinki: HEUNI.
Banks, D., and Kyckelhahn, T. (2011). Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents: 2008–2010. U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Washington, D.C.: Office of Justice Programs
International Organization for Migration. (2012). IOM 2011 Case Data on Human Trafficking: Global Figures & Trends. Washington: Humantrafficking.org.
Polaris Project. (2014). “The Victims.” Retrieved January 28, 2014, from Polaris Project: For a World without Slavery, http://www.polarisproject.org/human-trafficking/ overview/the-victims.
Bales, K., and Trodd, Z. (2009). Modern Slavery: The Secret World of 27 Million People. Oxford: Oneworld.
Palmiotto, M. Combating human trafficking (pp. 30-32).
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