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Essay Directions Spanish Version

AP Spanish Language Writing FRQ

This study guide, based on the old AP Spanish exam from 2016 and feedback from the CollegeBoard, will provide a walk through of both writing FRQ questions, and offer examples and strategies to assist you get a high score. It will do this by excavating the 2016 FRQ test to offer thorough guidance on what test scorers look for in top scores. Examples of the AP Spanish Language FRQ writing section test prompts and prior test takers tests will make known what to take advantage of or sidestep when writing your own answers come test day.

2016 FREE RESPONSE QUESTION #1:

Questions #1, also known as the Presentational Writing component of the AP Spanish Language FRQ writing section, asked that test takers probe a document – an email, text message, or invitation perhaps – and respond with a written reply.

The Prompt

This Spanish FRQ task required students to write a response to an e-mail message in 15 minutes. The email message was looking for contribution money to help shelter animals in an animal refuge center. Scorers were looking to see if the test taker understood the received email and if they responded in the formal register. The retort also had to address questions and requests mentioned in the communication, as well as inquire further into any given subject raised in the initial email. Students were also required to formulate a proper greeting and a closing salutation.

The 5s – A Strong Response

The test scorer of this essay believed that the writer’s email response was of high quality. It was not only easy to read, but it met all of the requisite information (retorts to questions, a call for further details) while providing elaborate details.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

The above response provides evidence of a rich interpersonal exchange that carries a formal greeting and tone throughout the piece: Como ustedpodrainferior, and si no esmuchamolestia, are a few examples. The student evidently recognized and responded appropriately to the tasks required in the prompt.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

The test scorer commented on the student’s diverse use of vocabulary and idiomatic expressions: por gusto; humilde; and molestia are a few notable examples in the excerpt above. The essay writer also has a good command of grammar, syntax, and usage, with minimal errors. Take, for instance, their use of subjunctive: maltrate y abandone; future tense: haré; present perfect: me hanencantado; and using the conditional as a polite verb form: Deberíamos, also present in the same excerpt.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

The student also uses indirect object pronouns correctly, as seen in the above example with: regresarle.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

Pronouns are also regularly formal throughout, as seen exemplified in: Le and usted above.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

Also commendable is the use of compound sentences like: Toda mi vida … como el perro.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

Though the student does make the occasional error, it does not impede their ability to communicate effectively; porque and porqué and mistakes such as ya que ellosnecesitar were common, but not detrimental.

Finally, as demonstrated well here, remember to elaborate your responses in the main body of your essay. This will give you the chance to earn your highest points on the FRQ section of the test!

The 4s and 3s – A Fair Response

In this retort, the test taker demonstrated a clear understanding of the content read and the task at hand.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

All required information is present (replies to requested information and more details, for example). The first excerpt shows both the greeting, and the second excerpt demonstrates how the student chose to answer some of the posed questions.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

The above quote shows the student requesting further information from the original sender of the email.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

Though mostly filled with simple sentences: Uds.hacen mucho porlos animals, the student’s effort to construct complex sentences like: Yo me gusta … divertido, was looked at favorably by the test scorer. The above response shows not only an example of this, but also reveals the writer’s control of adjective agreement: esunorganizacionmuybueno; the preposition por: hacen mucho porlos animals; and some good examples of present tense: Tengo and Puedo.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

Though infrequent, original vocabulary can be found in examples like: amable y divertido and Puedover el perroen la persona?

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

Nevertheless, test scorers noted that vocabulary and idiomatic language were often recycled or repeated, as seen here: Gracias por el mensajeelectronico!

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

In many places, errors impede comprehensibility of the overall email response, like in the above example: Yo meencantan; y Ud. refugio; and Cuándorecibio las fotografías de mi animal?

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

Equally confusing at times, grammatical errors impede readability. In the above example, the response includes a personal pronoun error: Yo me encantan; incorrect conjugations verbs: Y decidió; and a type verb mistake: Yo me gusta.

Try your best to show off your language skills or to acquire more! Read lots literature. Crack open a novel or read some poetry for at least an hour per day. Do not read just to understand the words you already know; take time to look up and put to use those you do not know as well too.

The 2s and 1s – A Weak Response

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

This email response (presented in its entirety above) does not maintain an accurate exchange between the sender and the test taker. For starters, it is too short and lacks development. They fail to answer the questions posed in the original email and did not request further details. The response indicates that the test taker has limited Spanish vocabulary use or grammatical register, syntax, or usage. Finally, the test scorer deducted points because the response does not follow an email format (there is no greeting or salutation, for example).

On an end note, Read the assignment carefully so as to know what you ultimately have to do (write a greeting, answer questions, request clarification or additional information, and write a closing statement). Be sure to follow the directions so that you answer what is being asked of you. If, for example, an email prompt asks that you “include a greeting and a closing,” be sure to include this in your reply.

Tips from the Test Scorers

Test scorers collectively agreed that the majority of students understood the prompts and the tasks they were asked to do. Those who did have difficulty did so because they believed they were being offered a volunteer position at an animal shelter rather than being asked for a monetary donation. It is important to know your Spanish vocabulary for the exam. If you get stuck on a particular verb or expression, try to infer meaning from the surrounding text.

Many who took the exam also did not elaborate their responses but relied on straightforward, direct replies. Remember that it is okay and even encouraged, to use examples from your real daily lives. Using personal details may help you more easily ask for further information when needed.

It’s also important to consistently use the requested register or format desired. This is where paying attention to the directions come in. Underline each of the tasks required of you and from time to time, check back that you are still on track.

Doing a few practice drills will better acquaint you with the sorts of essay questions asked on the test. If your AP Spanish teacher has the time, ask them to go over any mistakes you may have made while working out your answers.

FREE RESPONSE QUESTION #2:

Question #2, the Persuasive Essay component of the AP Spanish Language FRQ writing section, requires students to examine multiple sources such as articles, tables, graphs, or audio artifacts, and use them to formulate an argument, based on their beliefs on a particular theme.

The Prompt

For this Spanish FRQ prompt, test takers were given three sources of information – two printed and one listening source that included diverse viewpoints and statistical data regarding a Spanish language contest, and if “the increasing popularity of electronic books is beneficial?” They had six minutes to read the essay topic and the two printed sources, and then they listened to the audio source. Following that, students had 40 minutes to write their essay.

Test scorers were looking to see that students understood each of the provided sources, and that they could then express their point of view, defend it, and support it using the source material in well-organized paragraphs. Additionally, it was important that students not only referred to the sources, but that they cited them appropriately.

The 5s – A Strong Response

This essay presents a clearly written and well-stated thesis statement that addressed each of the questions asked.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

The test scorer believes the main body paragraphs of the essay support the thesis well, and end with a logical conclusion, drawn from the sources, as also seen above.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

In the above excerpt, you can see that the same student is able to express their viewpoint, while demonstrating a trustworthy treatment of the source perspective.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

The student also does a fine job of incorporating content from all three sources, comparing data between them, while going on to develop their own perspective. In the above excerpt, Además…ideas and Apesar de que…lugaresen el mundo are good examples of this. The test scorer commends the writer’s use of graphic information in the essay, as demonstrated in the above example.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

The grammatical use here is solid, and the writer used the subjunctive tense effectively, for example: que usemos; and impersonal verbs, for example: Como se menciona.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

The above extract shows robust use of vocabulary and idiomatic language: a pesar de queNo cabeduda; and elusocreciente.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

Here complex sentences also contribute to an overall impactful essay, seen here in: A pesar de muchos … con la tecnología.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

This essay is fully comprehensible, with insignificant errors: son simplementemásfácil; y ideas; tuvíamos are just a few examples taken from the above excerpt.

The 4s and 3s – A Fair Response

This student’s essay addresses the topic and tasks fairly.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

For starters, the test taker indicates their understanding of the source material, and adequately addresses each of them in the essay. The test scorer noted, however, that the majority of data referenced in one particular source had several inaccuracies, as seen in the above passage.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

That being said, though the writer does express their viewpoint, to some degree, most of the essay comes across as a summary of the sources, as seen in the above passage.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

Here is evidence that the overall remarks made in the essay are understandable, but it takes some effort to get a clear meaning when presented with errors like: fuenten; obseración; libroselectronicosescomplicado de usar.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

Equally problematic are the significant amounts of grammar and spelling mistakes. Examples of these errors are found in the preterite: hablo; a transfer from English: Ella dijo que libroselectrónicos; future tense: vaver andvatomar; andsubjunctive: actualze las cosas.

The 2s and 1s – A Weak Response

Student’s Written Response

This essay does not do a sufficient job of meeting the task requirements, for example there is very limited incorporation of the source material. In other words, you could say that it does not try to persuade the reader. It is also disorganized, with no transitional elements, cohesive devices, or basic punctuation. The test scorer commented that the essay, on the whole, is barely understandable.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

It is important to note that you are interpreting the source material, not only summarizing it. Instead of using the data to build an argument, here above the student simply repeats information from them: arbolesmochado”; “loslibro … que cuidarlo.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

Though trivial when compared to errors mentioned in the previous excerpt, the assortment of vocabulary presented here is limited and often repetitive. As seen in the above passage, words like: cosa, bueno, and the expression hay que cuidar are written several times to no effect.

Student’s Written Response

Commentary

Finally, represented in the above selection, errors in grammar, syntax, and usage are pervasive: lostrabajo; loslibro; and mucha persona are just a few.

Tips from the Test Scorers

According to test scorers, there seemed to be an imbalance between how often students cited particular sources, most favoring one over the other two. There seemed to be particular difficulty in accurately interpreting visual data as well. It’s important to incorporate all three, including graphs and appropriate citations, into your essay to earn top points.

There was also confusion with what exactly constitutes a persuasive essay. Some students didn’t present their point of view, others merely responded with personal anecdotes, some stated pros and cons or advantages and disadvantages, but did not choose a side and defend it. Few answered the question posed, which asked that they present their views on the increased popularity of electronic media, and instead went off on other tangents.

It is important to carefully read the question and tasks being asked, and then do the same with the reading and listening sections. From there, establish a clear viewpoint based on the question posed. While studying, look at a number of different sources (written, visual, auditory, academic, popular, etc.). Learn how to draw and interpret data from each to form an argument. Learn how to connect ideas found in material that addresses similar themes of varying viewpoints. Also, practice citing sources correctly.

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The Advanced Placement (AP) Foreign Language and Culture curriculum is administered by the College Board and serves as a standardized set of high-school coursework that is roughly equivalent to a college or university-level foreign language class.While many students will enroll in AP classes at their high schools to prepare for AP exams, many others will self-study for the exams. In the specific case of the AP Foreign Language and Culture exams, native-speakers or students with exceptional exposure to the foreign language are particularly well-suited for self-studying.

The AP Spanish courses are the most popular AP foreign languages classes. In fact, they are so popular that two sets of Spanish curriculum exist—AP Spanish Language and Culture and AP Spanish Literature and Culture. This is the only AP foreign language that has more than one course offering.In 2016, over 150,000 students took the AP Spanish Language and Culture exam, making it by far the most popular foreign language exam taken. Of these students, about 66% identified themselves as students who regularly spoke or heard Spanish outside of school, while only about 33% fell into the standard group of foreign language learners.

The curriculum for the AP Spanish Language and Culture exam emphasizes communication by applying interpersonal, interpretive, and presentational skills in real-life situations. As you undertake the coursework or exam preparations, you will need to focus on understanding and being understood by others. If you are interested in taking the AP Spanish Language and Culture exam, whether you have taken the class, are a native-speaker, or are planning to self-study, read on for a breakdown of the test and CollegeVine’s advice for how you can prepare for it.

About the Exam

The AP Spanish Language and Culture course is taught almost exclusively in Spanish and includes instruction in vocabulary usage, language control, communication strategies, and cultural awareness. Although there is some emphasis placed on correct grammar usage, the College Board specifically warns against overemphasizing grammatical accuracy at the expense of communication. Instead, more time will be spent on applying interpersonal, interpretive, and presentational communication skills in real-life situations, exploring culture in both contemporary and historical contexts, and building an awareness and appreciation of cultural products, practices, and perspectives.

There are no explicit prerequisites for the AP Spanish Language and Culture course, but students who take it are typically in their fourth year of high school–level Spanish language study or have extensive practical experience communicating in both written and oral Spanish language.

The AP Spanish Language and Culture course was redesigned in 2014, though its content remains mostly the same. Changes mostly reflect a new exam format and a newly reformatted course outline that reflects the College Board’s shift towards standardized course outline formats based on clearly defined learning objectives.

At three hours long, the AP Spanish Language and Culture exam is one of the longer duration AP exams. Like others, it consists of two primary sections. The first section contains 65 multiple-choice questions, lasts for one hour and 35 minutes, and accounts for 50% of your total score. In this section, you will encounter 30 questions based on printed texts that you read, and 35 questions based on audio texts or a combination of audio and print texts.

The next section of the exam, referred to as the free-response portion, presents you with four tasks to complete in one hour and 20 minutes, accounting for the remaining 50% of your total exam score. These tasks will include both written and oral responses. When delivering oral responses, you will be digitally recorded and your proctor will submit your recordings with the rest of your test materials.

In 2016, students generally did quite well on the AP Spanish Language and Culture exam. More than half of all students received a score of four or five, and nearly 90% of test-takers received a passing score (three or higher). Though students who regularly spoke or heard Spanish outside of school did perform slightly better overall than the standard group of foreign language students, the standard group still passed the exam at a rate of nearly 85% and only 2.2% received the lowest score of a one.

A full course description that can help to guide your studying and understanding of the knowledge required for the test can be found in the College Board course description.

Read on for tips for preparing for the exam.

Step 1: Start with assessing your skills

It’s important to start your studying off with a good understanding of your existing knowledge. To learn more about the importance of formative assessments and how you can use one to get your studying off on the right foot, check out the CollegeVine article What Is a Formative Assessment and Why Should I Use One to Study?

Although the College Board does not provide a complete practice test, you can find sample questions with scoring explanations included in the course description. Additionally, you can find an online test available from Barron’s study guides. You may also find practice or diagnostic exams in many of the commercially printed study guides.

Step 2: Study the material

In the case of the AP Spanish Language and Culture course, the theory you’ll need to know falls into six themes and six learning objectives. The six themes are:

  • Beauty and Aesthetics
  • Contemporary Life
  • Families and Communities
  • Global Challenges
  • Personal and Public Identities
  • Science and Technology

Many textbooks will be divided into units based on these themes. Even if they are not, you should find threads of them throughout your studies. As you learn about the specific themes above, you will naturally build the skills required by the course learning objectives. These objectives require that you: 

  • Engage in spoken interpersonal communication;
  • Engage in written interpersonal communication;
  • Synthesize information from a variety of authentic audio, visual, and audiovisual resources;
  • Synthesize information from a variety of authentic written and print resources;
  • Plan, produce, and present spoken presentational communications; and
  • Plan and produce written presentational communications.

Of course, the best way to study a foreign language is to truly immerse yourself in it. Although your course will be taught primarily in Spanish, this will account for only a tiny percentage of your day. You should find other ways to further your exposure to the Spanish language, and given the prevalence of Spanish in our own contemporary culture, this should not be difficult. You can easily find engaging young adult books written in Spanish, interesting Youtube videos or TV shows in Spanish, or even Spanish podcasts. Check out comic books, news, or websites in Spanish. Make sure you are speaking, listening to, and reading Spanish as much as possible even outside of your regular study or class hours.

The College Board also provides some valuable study tools for your use. Reviewing the four sample course pacing guides and syllabi available can help you to more deeply understand the course content and format. You should also review the exam audio files and the official Exam Practice Tips to help guide your studying.

In addition, you should take advantage of the many commercial study guides available for your use. One of the top rated AP Spanish Language and Culture study guides is the Princeton Review’s Cracking the AP Spanish Language & Culture Exam with Audio CD, 2017 Edition: Proven Techniques to Help You Score a 5. This compilation of content reviews and strategies also contains two full-length practice tests with complete answer explanations and access to the Princeton Review’s AP Connect portal online. Another great option is Barron’s AP Spanish Language and Culture with MP3 CD, 8th Edition, which again contains towo full-length practice exams along with an enclosed MP3 CD that supplements the book’s exercises and includes audio sections for both practice exams.

There are also vast amounts of study materials available online. Taking one of the more popular AP exams means that many students have been in your shoes, and often they or their teachers have posted past materials to supplement their studying. You can find a huge database of resources including sound files, Spanish reading sites, and grammar sites available here and more here.

Finally, apps are a relatively new and fun way to squeeze in a little more studying. The Fluent U app is a great option for AP foreign languages. Its basic version is free, but watch out for in-app purchases. The premium versions can set you back between $30 and $240 dollars.

Step 3: Practice Multiple Choice Questions

Once you’ve gotten a good handle on the major course content and theory, you can begin putting it to use. Start by practicing multiple-choice questions. You will be able to find plenty of these available online for the AP Spanish Language and Culture exam, or you can try the practice ones provided in commercial study guides.

The College Board course description also contains a number of multiple-choice questions with answers and explanation. As you are reviewing these, keep track of which broad content areas are coming easily to you and which still require more effort. Think about what each question is really asking you to do, and keep a list of vocabulary, grammar, and content areas that still seem unfamiliar. These will be points for more review before you move on.

Step 4: Practice Free Response Questions

Even if you’ve studied for the free-response section of other APs in the past, your studies for the free-response section of the foreign language AP exams will be quite different. In addition to practicing your written responses, you’ll also need to finetune your listening skills and oral responses. 

Begin your preparations by brushing up on your vocabulary and grammar. Make sure you have a handle on a broad variety of verbs and how to conjugate each. Also reaffirm that your knowledge of vocabulary will allow you to express yourself as fluently as possible. A great tool for this is a supplementary set of Barron’s AP Spanish Flash Cards. These cards emphasize word usage within the context of sentences and review parts of speech, noun genders, verb forms and tenses, and correct sentence structure.

Beyond vocabulary and grammar, your studies should also include practicing written and oral responses. The written responses will come in two forms. One prompt on the exam will ask you to demonstrate your interpersonal writing skills by reading and responding to an email over the course of 15 minutes. The other written prompt will ask you to demonstrate your presentational writing skills by writing an original persuasive essay. For this task, you’ll be given 15 minutes to review materials, and 40 minutes to write your response.

On the speaking portion of the exam, you’ll also demonstrate both interpersonal and presentational skills. To demonstrate your interpersonal speaking skills you’ll participate in a simulated conversation, answering five prompts with 20 seconds given for each one. To demonstrate your presentational speaking, you’ll deliver an oral cultural comparison to a given prompt, with four minutes to prepare and two minutes to respond.

The best way to specifically prepare for both the written and spoken portions of your free-responses is to practice repeated similar prompts. There is a huge resource of past free response questions available on AP Central dating back to 2014, with accompanying scoring explanations and examples of authentic student responses. To make the most of these, also review the Student Performance Q&A wherein the Chief Reader of the AP Exam compiles feedback to describe how students performed on the prompts, summarize typical student errors, and address specific concepts and content with which students have struggled the most. Also review the Scoring Guidelines available on page 100 of the course description.

It can be especially difficult to prepare for the oral portion of your free-response section since it’s difficult to identify your own spoken errors. Try recording your responses and comparing them to the authentic student responses available above. Alternatively, collaborate with a classmate to record and trade responses, offering one another constructive criticism framed by the scoring examples available above.

Step 5: Take another practice test

Just as you took a practice test at the beginning of your preparations to gauge your readiness for the exam, do so again after a thorough review of the course content and each exam portion. Identify areas in which you’ve improved the most, and areas still in need of improvement. If time allows, repeat the steps above to incrementally increase your score with each pass.

Step 6: Exam day specifics

In 2017, the AP Spanish Language and Culture Exam will be administered on Tuesday, May 2 at 8 AM.

For complete registration instructions, check out CollegeVine’s How to Register for AP Exams (Even If You Didn’t Take the Class).

For information about what to bring to the exam, see CollegeVine’s What Should I Bring to My AP Exam (And What Should I Definitely Leave at Home)?

If you feel like you still need more help or you are not sure that you can do it on your own, look no further. For personalized AP tutoring, check out the CollegeVine Academic Tutoring Program, where students who are intimately familiar with the exam can help you ace it too, just like they did.

For more about APs, check out these CollegeVine posts

• Can AP Tests Actually Save You Thousands of Dollars?

• Should I Take AP/IB/Honors Classes?

• How to Choose Which AP Courses and Exams to Take

• What If My School Doesn’t Offer AP or IB Courses?

• Are All APs Created Equal in Admissions?

Kate Sundquist

Senior Blogger at CollegeVine

Kate Koch-Sundquist is a graduate of Pomona College where she studied sociology, psychology, and writing before going on to receive an M.Ed. from Lesley University. After a few forays into living abroad and afloat (sometimes at the same time), she now makes her home north of Boston where she works as a content writer and, with her husband, raises two young sons who both inspire her and challenge her on a daily basis.

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